The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is a United Nations multilateral treaty whereby sovereign states agree to reduce the incidence of. On the occasion of its accession to the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, adopted in New York on 30 August , the Republic of Argentina. Adopted on 30 August by a conference of plenipotentiaries which met in and reconvened in in pursuance of General Assembly resolution .
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Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness
The Government of the French Republic also declares, in accordance with article 17 of the Convention, that it makes a reservation in respect of article 11, and that article 11 will not apply so far as the French Republic is concerned. Skip to main content. Retrieved from ” https: Together, these two treaties form the foundation of the international legal framework to address statelessness, a phenomenon which continues to adversely affect the lives of millions of people around the world.
The declaration therefore restricts one of the essential obligations of the Convention in a way contrary to the statelessnesz and purpose of the Convention. It received the Nobel Peace Prize in What exactly does the convention do?
The treaty clearly has a number of shortfalls, but it remains the best thing we have.
Countries in dark green have ratified the convention, countries in light green have only sratelessness the convention. This objection does not preclude the entry into force in its entirety of the Convention between the Kingdom of Norway and the Republic of Tunisia.
Why the Convention on Statelessness Matters | European Network on Statelessness
At the Fourth United Nations General Assembly Session in October—Decemberthe International Law Commission included the topic “Nationality, including statelessness ” in its list of topics of international law provisionally selected for codification. However, despite this, many cases remained ambiguous or uncovered primarily due to the fact that a person did not always receive the nationality of its parents, or was born in a certain place and not always provided citizenship of that state.
The convention contains a number of rules about acquisition and loss of nationality, especially in cases where there is a risk of statelessness. The Convention will thus become operative between the two States without the Republic of Tunisia benefiting from the said declaration.
Text of the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness [EN/MY] – World | ReliefWeb
In they were honored by governments in 52 fonvention and were the first refugee travel documents. The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands therefore objects to the aforesaid declaration made by the Government of the Republic of Tunisia. At the time of the deposit of the instrument of accession, the [Italian] Government avails itself of the right provided for under article 8, paragraph 3, of the Convention… Jamaica Jamaica.
It is the position of the Government of Norway that paragraph 3 and 4 of the Tunisian declaration are not justified under the Convention.
The declaration therefore restricts conventionn of the essential obligations of the Convention in a way contrary to its essence.
Plus, human rights law corrects some of its major flaws—for example, conventino fact that it permits certain forms of cinvention discrimination. For example, a naturalized person may lose her nationality if she takes up long-term residence abroad, and under certain circumstances a national born abroad can have her nationality automatically withdrawn.
And in cases where there is no treaty, states parties who receive new territory have an obligation to grant nationality to anyone who would otherwise become stateless as a consequence of the exchange of territory.
It was originally desired to cover ‘refugees and stateless persons’; however, agreement was not reached with respect to the latter.
Why the 1961 Convention on Statelessness Matters
Unless otherwise indicated, the objections were made upon ratification, accession teduction succession. And while parts of the convention are outdated, it does provide a clear guide for states with respect to policies that ought to be adopted to minimize occurrence of statelessness among children.
So why should we care about the convention when so few states have signed on? There are exceptions to this rule in the convention, which is one of the shortfalls of the treaty.
At the time of the deposit of the instrument of accession, the [Italian] Government avails itself of the right provided for under article 8, paragraph 3, of the Convention…. The convention is the only global instrument reductio establishes some kind of framework for such collaboration.
The bottom line is that while a state has a lot of discretion when it comes to determining who its nationals are, it has an obligation to ensure that a child born on its territory acquires its nationality if the child would otherwise be stateless.
The third and final core area of the convention is the avoidance of statelessness in situations of state succession. Tunisia 8 Tunisia 8 Reservation: Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation Universal Declaration of Human Rights 20 December Belgium reserves the right to deprive of his nationality a person who did not acquire it by virtue of a Belgian individual on the day of his birth, or who was not granted it under the Belgian Nationality Code, in the cases currently provided for under Belgian legislation, namely: New York, 30 August The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands understands the declaration of Tunisia, in particular with regard to the grounds mentioned in Nos.
In accordance with the provisions of article 17 1 of the Convention, the Republic of Colombia makes a reservation to article 14 to the effect that it does not recognize the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice with regard to the disputes that may refuction between Contracting States concerning the interpretation or application statelesssness the Convention.
Underlying the Convention is the notion that while States maintain the right to elaborate the content of their nationality laws, they must do so in compliance with international norms relating to nationality, including the principle that statelessness should be avoided.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. Concurrently, the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations has repeatedly affirmed this view, most recently in its resolution adopted on 26 June This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat By adopting the Convention safe- guards that prevent statelessness, States contribute to the reduction of statelessness over time.
Pursuant to article 11 of the Convention, in the United Nations General Assembly designated the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as the body to comvention individuals who claim the benefit conventkon the Convention may apply for examination of their claims and for assistance in presenting them to the relevant authorities.