Toung, varnish tree, tung tree, tung oil tree, china wood oil tree. Species. Aleurites fordii Hemsl. [Euphorbiaceae]. Feed categories. Oil plants. Tung tree, also called Tung Oil Tree, (Aleurites fordii), small Asian tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), commercially valuable for tung oil (q.v.), which is . Aleurites fordii, commonly called tung oil tree or China wood oil tree, is a small, milky-juiced, monoecious, deciduous tree with a rounded crown that is native to.

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Aleurites fordii, tung oil tree. Trees grow best if planted on hilltops or slopes, as good air-drainage reduces losses from spring frosts. Another report says that they are fairly hardy[74]. Mechanical Cut down larger trees. There are naturalized populations in the vicinities of Tallahassee, Gainesville, and Marianna; primarily from old plantations. For a list of references used on this page please go here.

For more information about QR Codes click here. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Animal, kingdom Animaliaany of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms i. Thank you for your feedback. Right plant wrong place.

Hand pull seedlings before they mature. It is in leaf all year, in flower in March, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The wood of the tree is lightweight and strong, and is sometimes used as a substitute for balsa or basswood. Keeler, Wildland Weeds, Winter9 1: Plant out in early summer and give the plants some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors.

Aleurittes prefers moist soil. Tung trees are cultivated primarily for their seeds, but it is also used as an ornamental plant in the landscape. A number of cultivars have been selected for increased yield and small tree size, including ‘Folsom’, ‘Cahl’, ‘Isabel’, ‘La Crosser’, and ‘Lampton’. Only 1 out of selected ‘mother’ tung trees will produce seedlings sufficiently uniform for commercial planting[].


They require long, hot summers with abundant moisture, with usually at least cm of rainfall rather evenly distributed through the year[]. The oils sequestered from the seed are used in the manufacture of lacquers, varnishes, paints, linoleum, oilcloth, resins, artificial leather, felt-base floor coverings, and greases, brake-linings and in clearing and polishing compounds. Seeds are best hulled before planting, as hulls retard germination.

David Fairchild of the Department of Agriculture successfully introduced the tree in in the U. Stratification, cold treatment or chemical treatment of seeds brings about more rapid and uniform germination.

The oil from the seed is poisonous[65]. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The flowers appear before or with the leaves in loose, terminal clusters. Online image request form. According to one university website, just one seed from the fruit can be fatal, and other symptoms may include vomiting, diarrhea, and slowed breathing.

Seeds have a hard outer shell and a kernel from which the oil is obtained. It tended to gum up the engines, so they processed it to make it compatible with gasoline. Fruits are spherical or pear-shaped, green to purple at maturity, containing 4 to 5 seeds. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. Noteworthy Characteristics Aleurites fordiicommonly called tung oil tree or China wood oil tree, is a small, milky-juiced, monoecious, deciduous tree with a rounded crown that is native to moist forested areas and rainforest in subtropical China.

The plant contains the coumarinolignoid aleuritin and 5,6,7-trimethoxy coumarin. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Tung oil products are used to coat containers for food, beverages, and medicines; for insulating wires and other metallic surfaces, as in radios, radar, telephone and telegraph instruments[1, 46, 57, 61, 74, ].


The bark is smooth and thin, and bleeds latex if cut. It is easily grown in a loamy soil but the plants are unable to withstand much frost[1].

Aleurites fordii

Susceptible to dieback and canker. Spring flowers are ornamentally attractive.

Tung oil tree is able to grow in a wide array of environmental conditions, making it a successful, but slow invasive. Garden Uses Where winter hardy, they may be grown in the landscape as specimens or small shade trees. Just before World War I, a number of seeds received from the United States Ambassador to China were planted in California, but the young trees could not take hold in the dry climate. Sun Aug 19 Vigorous but not succulent growth is the most cold resistant – trees are susceptible to cold injury when in active growth[].

Aleurites fordii Tung Tree, Tung Oil Tree, Wood Oil Tree China PFAF Plant Database

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. On long standing or on heating, tung oil polymerizes to a hard, waterproof gel that is highly resistant to acids and alkalies.

Cut down larger trees. It has large leaves, lobed or unlobed, attractive white flowers with reddish centres, and apple-sized globular fruit. This is a QR code short aleurittes Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages.

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