Discusses Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan as a philosophical story of solitude, mysticism, and understanding. Isolated from human civilization, the infant Hayy ibn Yaqzan is raised by a gazelle on a deserted island Through observation, experimentation, and speculation. Ibn-Tufayl. It was during this time, working for the Almohads that Ibn-Tufayl wrote the first ever philosophical novel, “Hayy Ibn Yaqzan“ or “Living.

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He destroys and defaces all things; he loves all that is deformed and monstrous; he will have nothing as nature yaqzzan it, not even man himself, who must learn his paces like a saddle-horse, and be shaped to his master’s taste like the trees in his garden. His mother was gone; only her lifeless body was left, low and worthless.

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Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

None of this could be different. Taneli Kukkonen – – Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 2: All these members were hauy to do their function, but none of them could function without the soul that was animating it. It takes two times the energy to move an object twice the size. The things that generate and decay are yaqzna and animals, and the things that do not are everything else, from rocks to water.

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It is not enough to have Orthodox beliefs. We then get the second account, that of the spontaneous generation. He recognized that whoever had offered this description had given a faithful picture and spoken truly. He grieved and put his mind about solving the matter, that he could come up with some way of yaaqzan himself and covering himself.


Moreover, the solitude of the uninhabited island is a model of the natural development of the mind in the absence of the diversions and distractions of society. Any attempt to convey the sublime mystical experience only leads to misunderstanding. Tirelessly he battled against the drives of his body — and they fought back.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. In his allegory, Hayy reaches this conclusion or the author, accepting it already, uses the story to demonstrate it.

Nothing New Under the Sun

The two disagree irreparably, and Absal departs for the nearby island that is uninhabited in order to be alone and seek union with God. He yazan his own shoes and clothes from the skins of the animal, studies the stars, till he reaches a higher level of knowledge of the finest of astrologist.

The reader might well be disappointed at the end of the novel to learn that Crusoe’s solitude has only been a device for his turn of fortune and real goal of making money. This is how he understood the idea of the Active Intellect sending forms.

Keith Nemeth, The Path Towards Mysticism: A Critical Examination of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan – PhilPapers

hsyy But ultimately Hayy learns to cut off the senses and imagination in the stillness and silence of his dwelling place: This vigorous school of thought had mastered the Greeks but also criticized logic and mathematics, affirming the human soul’s innate capacity to discover not only natural law but to reach the most abstruse mystical doctrine. Hayy in this story, is a weed.


Nonetheless I know it is impossible for it to extend forever. Ghazali himself had spent the last sixteen years of his life reclused from society and its activities in order to follow the path of mystical experience. In Plato’s Republic, the cave is darkness and ignorance contrasts with coming out of the cave into sunlight and enlightenment.

If the world was created in time, then it was created through the will of a Maker, the Cause of all causes, who cannot be apprehended by the senses. One day however, a fire arises on the island by friction, and he was frightened, having never seen flames before.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan – Wikipedia

However, one survival tale does attempt to address some deeper issues, but in doing so must sacrifice the device of feralness. This he discovered in a crude way by making wide circular motions like celestial gaqzan with his body until he had lost the senses and imagination — a clear early reference to the secretive whirling practice of Sufi dervishes.

No categories specified categorize this paper. The great awakening is the moment when a yaqzaj individual stumbles out of the hidden darkness of the cave and away from the cave-thoughts into the sunlight.

Because Defoe was such a voracious reader, it is not unlikely that he had read Ibn Tufayl as well.