Robert Wright, New York Times Book Review “The evolution of language is a fascinating topic, and Bickerton’s Language and Species is the best introduction . Request PDF on ResearchGate | Language and Species | The abstract for this Article in Language 68(2) · June with 77 Reads Derek Bickerton. Derek Bickerton (March 25, – March 5, ) was an English-born American linguist and academic who was Professor Emeritus at the University of Hawaii in Manoa. Based on his work in creole languages in Guyana and Hawaii, he has In Language and Species (), he suggests that all three questions might be.

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Words are also constrained by contiguity. The third phase, which began with the coming of agriculture at the end of the last ice age, introduced territorialism and inequality. The sections on grammar and syntax are sometimes tough sledding but worth it. Steven rated it really liked it Sep 06, Bicoerton apes, it appears to be possible only in a limited fashion and all the elements involved need to be physically present. Vervets probably fall somewhere in between and can equate the smell, sound and sight bicckerton a leopard with the same thing.

He speculates on the probable origin spdcies protolanguage, likely in Homo erectus, traces the development of grammar, and shows why syntax would have been the last vital step toward modern language, communication, and representation.


Bidkerton not three or more branches at each node? I conclude that tigers avoid water and if attacked by one this might offer an escape route.

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Derek Bickerton

Chapter 7 From Protolanguage to Language Proto-language can evolve to true language without an intermediate. Creoles tend to have the same grammar regardless of the constituent languages suggesting a biological basis for it. It derives a wide range of entities, together with behaviours and attributes that can be predicated of these entities.

If thought is mental computation, then anything with a brain is capable of thought. This is why verbs are more abstract than nouns and are harder to represent.

Language and Species – Derek Bickerton – Google Books

This limitation also applies to language — it does not directly map the experiential world. Oct 07, Bart Jr. Words began as the anchors for sensory information and memories about a specific animal or object. Drawing on “living linguistic fossils” such as “ape talk,” the “two-word” stage of small children, and pidgin languages, and on recent discoveries in paleoanthropology, Bickerton shows how a primitive “protolanguage” could have offered Homo erectus a novel ecolo Language and Species presents the most detailed and well-documented scenario to date of the origins of language.

Thus there are four classes of proto-language speakers: Melanie rated it it was amazing Nov 21, Notify me of new comments via email. Jeremy rated it it was amazing Jul 28, Email required Address never made public.


Language and proto-language both concatenate units of which they are composed, but language does so in a highly-structured manner with embedded phrases and clauses where as proto-language simply assembles spevies like beads on a string.

But fear — an emotion — is crucial to making a decision to flee. The notion that pre-agricultural man was not territorial seems highly dubious to me, considering that chimps are territorial. It does appear to be a distinct thing in itself.

You cannot see an animal without perceiving at the same time what it is doing, e. Maxfield rated it it was ok Aug 06, This is the primary representation system, or PRS.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. It is comparable to that of a 2-yr old human.

Language & Species (1990), by Derek Bickerton

He goes on to demonstrate how this protolanguage could have developed into the languages we speak today. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Almost every type of creature has one, and they are all different.